Puo ea Keynote ka HE Mokhanselara oa Naha le Letona la Litaba tsa Kantle ho Naha Wang Yi Sebokeng sa Boemo bo Phahameng ba Asia le Pacific mabapi le Tšebelisano ea Belt le Tsela.
La 23 Phuptjane 2021

Basebetsi-'moho, Metsoalle, Ka 2013, Mopresidente Xi Jinping o ile a etsa tlhahiso ea Morero oa Belt and Road (BRI).Ho tloha ka nako eo, ka ho kenya letsoho le boiteko bo kopanetsoeng ba lihlopha tsohle, mohato ona oa bohlokoa o bontšitse matla le matla a matla, 'me o hlahisitse liphello tse ntle le tsoelo-pele.

Lilemong tse robeli tse fetileng, BRI e tsoetse pele ho tloha mohopolong ho ea liketsong tsa sebele, 'me e fumane karabo e mofuthu le tšehetso ho tsoa sechabeng sa machaba.Ho fihlela joale, linaha tse ka bang 140 tsa balekane li saenetse litokomane tse mabapi le tšebelisano ea Belt le Road le China.BRI e hlile e fetohile sethala se pharalletseng le se seholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng sa tšebelisano ea machaba.

Lilemong tse robeli tse fetileng, BRI e fetohile ho tloha ponong ho ea ho 'nete,' me e tlisitse menyetla e meholo le melemo ho linaha ho pota lefatše.Kgwebisano pakeng tsa balekane ba China le BRI e fetetse 9.2 trilione ya didolara tsa Amerika.Matsete a tobileng a lik'hamphani tsa Machaena linaheng tse haufi le Belt and Road e fetile lidolara tse limilione tse likete tse 130 tsa US.Tlaleho ea Banka ea Lefatše e fana ka maikutlo a hore ha e sebelisoa ka botlalo, BRI e ka eketsa khoebo ea lefatše ka liphesente tse 6.2 le chelete ea sebele ea lefatše ka liphesente tse 2,9, 'me ea fana ka matlafatso e kholo kholong ea lefatše.

Haholo-holo selemong se fetileng, leha ho ile ha qhoma ka tšohanyetso COVID-19, tšebelisano ea Belt le Road ha ea ka ea emisa.E ile ea mamella meea e matla 'me ea tsoela pele ho ea pele, e bontša ho tiea le ho ba mahlahahlaha ka mokhoa o tsotehang.

Mmoho, re thehile firewall ea machaba ea tšebelisano khahlanong le COVID-19.China le balekane ba BRI ba tšoere likopano tse fetang 100 ho arolelana boiphihlelo mabapi le thibelo le taolo ea COVID.Bohareng ba Phuptjane, China e fane ka limaske tse fetang limilione tse likete tse 290, lisutu tsa ts'ireletso tse limilione tse likete tse 3.5 le lisebelisoa tsa tlhahlobo tse limilione tse likete tse 4.5 lefatšeng ka bophara, mme e thusitse linaha tse ngata ho aha li-lab tsa tlhahlobo.China e ikakhetse ka setotsoana tšebelisanong e batsi ea ente le linaha tse ngata, 'me e fane le ho romela litekanyetso tse fetang limilione tse 400 tsa liente tse felileng le tse ngata linaheng tse fetang 90, tseo bongata ba tsona e leng balekane ba BRI.

Mmoho, re fane ka mokgwa wa botsitso bakeng sa moruo wa lefatshe.Re bile le likopano tse ngata tsa machaba tsa BRI ho arolelana boiphihlelo ba nts'etsopele, ho hokahanya maano a nts'etsopele, le ho nts'etsapele tšebelisano e sebetsang.Re bolokile merero e mengata ea BRI e tsoela pele.Tšebelisano ea matla tlas'a Tsela ea Moruo ea China-Pakistan e fana ka karolo ea boraro ea phepelo ea motlakase ea Pakistan.Morero oa Phepelo ea Metsi oa Katana Sri Lanka o entse hore metsi a nooang a sireletsehileng a fumanehe metseng e 45 moo.Lipalo-palo li bonts'a hore selemong se fetileng, khoebo ea thepa lipakeng tsa China le balekane ba BRI e ngolisitse rekoto ea lidolara tse libilione tse 1.35, e tlatselitseng haholo karabelong ea COVID, botsitso ba moruo le mokhoa oa boipheliso oa batho oa linaha tse amehang.

Mmoho, re thehile marokho a macha bakeng sa khokahanyo ea lefatše.China e entse tšebelisano ea khoebo ea e-commerce ea Silk Road le linaha tse 22 tsa balekane.Sena se thusitse ho boloka phallo ea khoebo ea machabeng ho pholletsa le seoa sena.Ka 2020, China-Europe Railway Express, e tsamaeang ho pholletsa le k'honthinente ea Eurasia, e ile ea fumana linomoro tse ncha tsa litšebeletso tsa thepa le thepa.Karolong ea pele ea selemo sena, Express e rometse literene tse ling tse etsang liperesente tse 75 mme ea fana ka liperesente tse 84 tsa thepa ea TEU ho feta ka nako e tšoanang selemong se fetileng.E thoholetsoa e le "likepe tsa likamele tsa tšepe", Express e hlile e phelela lebitso la eona mme e nkile karolo ea bohlokoa ho fe linaha tšehetso eo li e hlokang ho loants'a COVID.

Basebetsi-'moho, Tšebelisano e ntseng e hola ka potlako le e behang litholoana ea Belt and Road ke phello ea bonngoe le tšebelisano har'a balekane ba BRI.Habohlokoa le ho feta, joalo ka ha Mopresidente Xi Jinping a bontšitse mantsoeng a hae a ngotsoeng ho Seboka sena, tšebelisano-'moho ea Belt le Road e tataisoa ke molao-motheo oa lipuisano tse pharaletseng, tlatsetso e kopanetsoeng le melemo e arolelanoang.E sebelisa mohopolo oa nts'etsopele e bulehileng, e tala le e hloekileng.Mme e reretswe kgolo ya maemo a hodimo, e shebaneng le batho le e tswelang pele.

Kamehla re ikemiselitse ho buisana ka ho lekana.Balekane bohle ba tšebelisano, ho sa tsotellehe boholo ba moruo, ke litho tse lekanang tsa lelapa la BRI.Ha ho le e 'ngoe ea mananeo a rona a tšebelisano-'moho e amanang le likhoele tsa lipolotiki.Le ka mohla ha re qobelle ba bang thato ea rōna ho tsoa ho seo ho thoeng ke boemo ba matla.Hape ha re hlahise tšokelo naheng efe kapa efe.

Re lula re ikemiselitse ho thusana le ho hapa-tlhōlo.BRI e tsoa Chaena, empa e hlahisa menyetla le liphello tse ntle bakeng sa linaha tsohle, 'me e tsoela lefatše lohle molemo.Re matlafalitse leano, meralo ea motheo, khoebisano, lichelete le khokahanyo ea batho-ho-batho ho phehella kopanyo ea moruo, ho fihlela nts'etsopele e hokahaneng, le ho fana ka melemo ho bohle.Boiteko bona bo atamelitse toro ea Machaena le litoro tsa linaha ho pota lefatše.

Re lula re ikemiselitse ho buleha le ho kenyeletsa bohle.BRI ke tsela ea sechaba e bulehileng ho bohle, 'me ha e na marako a ka morao kapa a phahameng.E bulehetse mefuta eohle ea litsamaiso le tsoelopele, 'me ha e na leeme.Re bulehetse matsapa ohle a tšebelisano-'moho lefatšeng a loketseng khokahanyo e haufi le nts'etsopele e tšoanang, 'me re ikemiselitse ho sebetsa le bona le ho thusana ho atleha.

Re dula re ikemiseditse ho botjha le kgatelopele.Ka mora COVID-19, re thakgotse Silk Road of health.Ho fihlela phetoho ea khabone e tlase, re hlaolela Tsela ea Silika e tala.Ho sebelisa mokhoa oa digitalization, re ntse re haha ​​​​mmila oa Silika oa digital.Ho rarolla likheo tsa nts'etsopele, re sebetsa ho aha BRI hore e be tsela ea ho felisa bofuma.Tšebelisano ea Belt and Road e qalile lekaleng la moruo, empa ha e felle moo.E fetoha sethala se secha sa puso e betere ea lefatše.

Ka matsatsi a seng makae, Mokha oa Makomonisi oa Chaena (CPC) o tla tšoaea lilemo tse lekholo.Tlas'a boetapele ba CPC, haufinyane batho ba Machaena ba tla phethela kaho ea sechaba se atlehileng ka mokhoa o itekanetseng ka mekhoa eohle, 'me motheong oo, ba qale leeto le lecha la ho aha ka botlalo naha ea sejoale-joale ea bososhiale.Sebakeng se secha sa nalane, China e tla sebetsa le mekha e meng kaofela ho ntšetsa pele tšebelisano ea rona ea boleng bo holimo ea Belt le Road le ho aha likamano tse haufi bakeng sa tšebelisano-'moho ea heath, khokahanyo, nts'etsopele ea botala, le bolokolohi le ho kenyeletsoa.Boiteko bona bo tla hlahisa menyetla le meputso e mengata ho bohle.

Taba ea pele, re hloka ho tsoela pele ho tebisa tšebelisano ea machaba mabapi le liente.Re tla tsebahatsa ka kopanelo Leano la Tšebelisano ea Belt le Road mabapi le Tšebelisano ea Liente tsa COVID-19 ho khothaletsa kabo e nepahetseng ea machaba ea liente le ho aha thebe ea lefats'e khahlano le vaerase.China e tla kenya tšebetsong ka mafolofolo mehato ea bohlokoa e phatlalalitsoeng ke Mopresidente Xi Jinping Sebokeng sa Lefatše sa Bophelo bo Botle.China e tla fana ka liente tse eketsehileng le lisebelisoa tse ling tsa bongaka tse hlokoang ka potlako ho balekane ba BRI le linaha tse ling ka hohle kamoo e ka khonang, e ts'ehetsa lik'hamphani tsa eona tsa ente ho fetisetsa mahlale ho linaha tse ling tse tsoelang pele le ho etsa tlhahiso e kopaneng le tsona, le ho ts'ehetsa ho hlakola litokelo tsa thepa ea mahlale. ka liente tsa COVID-19, kaofela e le boitekong ba ho thusa linaha tsohle ho hlola COVID-19.

Ea bobeli, re hloka ho tsoela pele ho matlafatsa tšebelisano-'moho mabapi le khokahanyo.Re tla tswelapele ho hokahanya meralo ya ntshetsopele ya meralo ya motheo, le ho sebetsa mmoho mabapi le meralo ya motheo ya dipalangwang, diphasejeng tsa moruo, le dibaka tsa tshebedisano-mmoho moruong le kgwebisanong le indastering.Re tla tsoela pele ho sebelisa China-Europe Railway Express ho khothaletsa tšebelisano ea likepe le likepe ho bapa le Maritime Silk Road le ho aha Tsela ea Silika moeeng.Re tla amohela tlwaelo ya phetoho ya dijithale le ntshetsopele ya diindaseteri tsa dijithale ka ho akofisa kaho ya Tsela ya Silika ya dijithale, le ho etsa hore kgokahanyo e bohlale e be nnete e ntjha nakong e tlang.

Ea boraro, re hloka ho tsoela pele ho khothaletsa tšebelisano-'moho mabapi le nts'etsopele ea botala.Ka kopanelo re tla hlahisa Boikitlaetso ba Selekane sa Mabanta le Mmila mabapi le Ntshetsopele ya Tala ho kenya tshusumetso e ntjha ho aheng Mmila o motala wa Silika.Re se re itokiseditse ho matlafatsa tshebedisano mmoho dibakeng tse kang dibopeho tsa motheo tse tala, eneji e tala le ditjhelete tse tala, le ho ntshetsapele diporojeke tse ding tse baballang tikoloho ka maemo a hodimo le boleng bo phahameng.Re tshehetsa mekga ya Selekane sa Belt and Road Energy ho matlafatsa tshebedisano-mmoho mabapi le eneji e tala.Re khothaletsa likhoebo tse amehang ts'ebelisanong ea Belt and Road ho phethahatsa boikarabello ba bona sechabeng le ho ntlafatsa ts'ebetso ea bona ea tikoloho, sechaba le puso (ESG).

Ea bone, re hloka ho tsoela pele ho ntšetsa pele khoebo e lokolohileng sebakeng sa rona le lefats'e.China e tla sebeletsa ho kenela tšebetso ea pele ea Tšebelisano e Pharaletseng ea Moruo ea Lebatooa (RCEP) le kopanyo e potlakileng ea moruo oa tikoloho.China e tla sebetsa le mahlakore ohle ho boloka liketane tsa lefats'e tsa indasteri le phepelo li bulehile, li bolokehile ebile li tsitsitse.Re tla bula monyako oa rona ho feta lefats'e ka bophara.'Me re itokiselitse ho arolelana likabelo tsa 'maraka tsa Chaena le bohle ho etsa bonnete ba hore liphatlalatso tsa malapeng le tsa machaba li tla matlafatsana.Sena se tla boela se nolofalletsa likamano tse haufi le sebaka se pharaletseng bakeng sa tšebelisano-'moho moruong har'a balekane ba BRI.

Asia-Pacific ke sebaka se holang ka potlako se nang le tšebelisano-'moho e matla ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng.Ke lehae la karolo ea 60 lekholong ea baahi ba lefatše le karolo ea 70 lekholong ea GDP ea eona.E tlatselitse ho feta karolo ea bobeli ho tse tharo ea kholo ea lefats'e, 'me e bapala karolo ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa ntoeng ea lefats'e khahlanong le COVID-19 le tsosoloso ea moruo.Sebaka sa Asia-Pacific e lokela ho ba sebaka sa tsoelo-pele le tšebelisano-'moho, eseng chessboard bakeng sa geopolitics.Botsitso le katleho ea sebaka sena li lokela ho nkoa e le letlotlo ke linaha tsohle tsa libaka.

Linaha tsa Asia le Pacific ke bo-pula-maliboho, bafani le mehlala ea tšebelisano ea machaba ea Belt le Road.E le setho sa sebaka sa Asia-Pacific, China e itokiselitse ho sebetsa le linaha tsa Asia-Pacific ka moea oa tšebelisano-'moho ho khothaletsa ntlafatso ea boleng bo holimo ea Belt le Road, ho fana ka tharollo ea Asia-Pacific ntoeng ea lefats'e khahlanong le COVID-19, ente. Matla a Asia-Pacific ho khokahanyo ea lefats'e, le ho fetisetsa tšepo ea Asia-Pacific ho tsosoloseng moruo oa lefatše, e le ho kenya letsoho ho aheng sechaba se nang le bokamoso bo arolelanoang tikolohong ea Asia-Pacific hammoho le sechaba se nang le bokamoso bo arolelanoang bakeng sa moloko oa batho.
Kea leboha.


Nako ea poso: Jul-19-2021