Ijambo nyamukuru ryavuzwe n’Umujyanama wa Leta na Minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga Wang Yi mu nama yo mu rwego rwo hejuru ya Aziya na Pasifika ku bufatanye n’umukanda n’umuhanda
23 Kamena 2021

Abakozi bakorana, Inshuti, Muri 2013, Perezida Xi Jinping yatanze umushinga wa Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).Kuva icyo gihe, hamwe n’uruhare rw’imbaraga n’impande zose, iyi gahunda yingenzi yerekanye imbaraga nimbaraga, kandi itanga umusaruro mwiza niterambere.

Mu myaka umunani ishize, BRI yavuye mubitekerezo ihinduka mubikorwa nyabyo, kandi yakiriwe neza nimiryango mpuzamahanga.Kugeza ubu, ibihugu by’abafatanyabikorwa bigera ku 140 byashyize umukono ku nyandiko ku bufatanye n’umuhanda n’Ubushinwa.BRI yahindutse mubyukuri isi yagutse kandi nini cyane mubufatanye mpuzamahanga.

Mu myaka umunani ishize, BRI yavuye mubyerekezo ihinduka ukuri, kandi izana amahirwe menshi ninyungu mubihugu byisi.Ubucuruzi hagati y'Ubushinwa n'abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI bwarenze tiriyari 9.2 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Ishoramari ritaziguye ry’amasosiyete y'Abashinwa mu bihugu bikikije Umuhanda n'Umuhanda yarenze miliyari 130 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Raporo ya Banki y'Isi yerekana ko iyo ishyizwe mu bikorwa byuzuye, BRI ishobora kongera ubucuruzi bw’isi ku gipimo cya 6.2 ku ijana n’umutungo nyawo ku isi ku gipimo cya 2,9 ku ijana, kandi bigatuma iterambere ryiyongera ku isi.

By'umwihariko umwaka ushize, nubwo COVID-19 yatunguranye, ubufatanye bwumukandara n’umuhanda ntabwo bwahagaze.Yatinyutse imitwe kandi ikomeza gutera imbere, yerekana kwihangana bidasanzwe.

Twese hamwe, twashyizeho firewall mpuzamahanga yubufatanye kurwanya COVID-19.Abafatanyabikorwa b’Ubushinwa na BRI bakoze inama zirenga 100 kugirango basangire ubunararibonye mu gukumira no kurwanya COVID.Hagati muri Kamena, Ubushinwa bwatanze masike arenga miliyari 290, imyenda yo gukingira miliyari 3,5 hamwe n’ibikoresho byo gupima miliyari 4.5, kandi bifasha ibihugu byinshi kubaka laboratoire.Ubushinwa bukorana n’ubufatanye bw’inkingo n’ibihugu byinshi, kandi bwatanze kandi bwohereza mu mahanga ibihumbi birenga 400 by’inkingo zuzuye kandi nyinshi mu bihugu birenga 90, ibyinshi muri byo bikaba ari abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.

Twese hamwe, twatanze stabilisateur mubukungu bwisi.Twakoze inama mpuzamahanga za BRI kugirango dusangire ubunararibonye bwiterambere, duhuze politiki yiterambere, tunateze imbere ubufatanye bufatika.Twakomeje imishinga myinshi ya BRI.Ubufatanye bw'ingufu munsi y’Ubukungu bw’Ubushinwa na Pakisitani butanga kimwe cya gatatu cy’amashanyarazi ya Pakisitani.Umushinga wo gutanga amazi ya Katana muri Sri Lanka watumye amazi meza yo kunywa agera kumidugudu 45 yaho.Imibare irerekana ko umwaka ushize, ubucuruzi bw’ibicuruzwa hagati y’Ubushinwa n’abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI byanditseho miliyoni 1.35 z’amadolari y’Amerika, bigira uruhare runini mu gusubiza COVID, ihungabana ry’ubukungu n’imibereho y’abaturage mu bihugu bireba.

Twese hamwe, twubatse ibiraro bishya byo guhuza isi.Ubushinwa bwakoze ubufatanye bwa e-ubucuruzi bwa Silk Road hamwe n’ibihugu 22 by’abafatanyabikorwa.Ibi byafashije gukomeza ubucuruzi mpuzamahanga mu cyorezo.Muri 2020, Express ya Gari ya moshi y'Ubushinwa n'Uburayi, inyura ku mugabane wa Aziya, yageze ku mibare mishya muri serivisi zitwara imizigo ndetse no mu mizigo.Mu gihembwe cya mbere cy'uyu mwaka, Express yohereje gari ya moshi 75 ku ijana kandi itanga TEU y'ibicuruzwa 84 ku ijana ugereranije no mu gihe kimwe cy'umwaka ushize.Express yishimiwe nk '"ingamiya yingamiya", Express yabayeho rwose mu izina ryayo kandi yagize uruhare runini muguha ibihugu inkunga ikeneye mukurwanya COVID.

Abo mukorana, Iterambere ryihuse kandi ryera Ubufatanye bwumukandara ninzira nigisubizo cyubufatanye nubufatanye hagati yabafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.Icy'ingenzi kurushaho, nk'uko Perezida Xi Jinping yabigaragaje mu magambo yanditse muri iyi nama, ubufatanye bw’umukandara n’umuhanda bugendera ku ihame ryo kugisha inama byinshi, umusanzu uhuriweho hamwe n’inyungu zisangiwe.Ikora igitekerezo cyo kwugurura, icyatsi kandi gisukuye.Kandi igamije iterambere ryisumbuyeho, rishingiye kubantu kandi rirambye.

Twama twiyemeje kungurana ibitekerezo.Abafatanyabikorwa bose, batitaye ku bunini bwubukungu, ni abanyamuryango bangana mumuryango wa BRI.Nta na hamwe muri gahunda zacu z'ubufatanye zifatanije n'imitwe ya politiki.Ntabwo twigera dushira kubushake kubandi kuva aho bita imbaraga zimbaraga.Nta nubwo dushyira iterabwoba ku gihugu icyo ari cyo cyose.

Twama twiyemeje kungukirana no gutsinda-gutsinda.BRI yavuye mubushinwa, ariko itanga amahirwe nibisubizo byiza kubihugu byose, kandi bigirira akamaro isi yose.Twashimangiye politiki, ibikorwa remezo, ubucuruzi, imari n’abantu guhuza abantu kugira ngo bakurikirane ubukungu, tugere ku iterambere rihuriweho, kandi tugere kuri bose.Izi mbaraga zatumye inzozi z'Abashinwa n'inzozi z'ibihugu byo ku isi.

Twama twiyemeje gufungura no kwishyira hamwe.BRI ni umuhanda rusange ufunguye kuri bose, kandi udafite inyuma cyangwa inkuta ndende.Ifunguye ubwoko bwose bwa sisitemu numuco, kandi ntabwo ibogamye mubitekerezo.Dufunguye ibikorwa byose byubufatanye kwisi bifasha kurushaho guhuza no kwiteza imbere, kandi twiteguye gukorana nabo no gufashanya gutsinda.

Twama twiyemeje guhanga udushya no gutera imbere.Nyuma ya COVID-19, twatangije Umuhanda wa Silk wubuzima.Kugirango tugere kuri karubone nkeya, duhinga Umuhanda wicyatsi kibisi.Kugirango dukoreshe inzira ya digitale, twubaka umuhanda wa Silk.Kugira ngo dukemure icyuho cyiterambere, turimo gukora kugirango twubake BRI munzira yo kurwanya ubukene.Ubufatanye bw'umukanda n'umuhanda bwatangiriye mu rwego rw'ubukungu, ariko ntibugarukira aho.Irimo kuba urubuga rushya rwo kuyobora neza isi.

Mu minsi mike, Ishyaka rya gikomunisiti ryUbushinwa (CPC) rizizihiza isabukuru yimyaka ijana.Ku buyobozi bwa CPC, abaturage b'Abashinwa bazarangiza vuba kubaka umuryango utera imbere mu buryo bwose, kandi hashingiwe kuri ibyo, batangire urugendo rushya rwo kubaka byimazeyo igihugu cy’abasosiyaliste.Mu ntangiriro nshya y’amateka, Ubushinwa buzakorana n’andi mashyaka yose kugira ngo dukomeze ubufatanye bwiza bwo mu muhanda no mu muhanda no kubaka ubufatanye bwa hafi mu bufatanye bw’ubuvuzi, guhuza, iterambere ry’icyatsi, no gufungura no kwishyira hamwe.Izi mbaraga zizatanga amahirwe menshi ninyungu kuri bose.

Icya mbere, dukeneye gukomeza gushimangira ubufatanye mpuzamahanga ku nkingo.Tuzafatanya gutangiza gahunda y’ubufatanye bw’umukandara n’umuhanda ku bufatanye bw’inkingo za COVID-19 hagamijwe guteza imbere ikwirakwizwa ry’inkingo mpuzamahanga no kubaka ingabo ikingira virusi.Ubushinwa buzashyira mu bikorwa ingamba z’ingenzi zatangajwe na Perezida Xi Jinping mu nama y’ubuzima ku isi.Ubushinwa buzatanga inkingo n’ibindi bikoresho byihutirwa by’ubuvuzi ku bafatanyabikorwa ba BRI ndetse no mu bindi bihugu uko bishoboka kose, bishyigikire amasosiyete y’inkingo mu kohereza ikoranabuhanga mu bindi bihugu bikiri mu nzira y'amajyambere no gukora umusaruro uhuriweho na bo, kandi bigashyigikira kuvanaho uburenganzira ku mutungo bwite mu by'ubwenge. ku nkingo za COVID-19, zose mu rwego rwo gufasha ibihugu byose gutsinda COVID-19.

Icya kabiri, dukeneye gukomeza gushimangira ubufatanye muburyo bwo guhuza.Tuzakomeza guhuza gahunda ziterambere ryibikorwa remezo, kandi dufatanyirize hamwe ibikorwa remezo byubwikorezi, koridoro yubukungu, hamwe n’ubukungu n’ubucuruzi n’ubufatanye bw’inganda.Tuzakomeza gukoresha gari ya moshi y'Ubushinwa n'Uburayi kugira ngo duteze imbere ubufatanye ku byambu no kohereza ibicuruzwa ku nyanja ya Silitike ya Maritime no kubaka Umuhanda wa Silk mu kirere.Tuzemera uburyo bwo guhindura imibare no guteza imbere inganda za digitale twihutisha iyubakwa ryumuhanda wa Silk, kandi duhuze ubwenge muburyo bushya mugihe kizaza.

Icya gatatu, dukeneye gukomeza guteza imbere ubufatanye mugutezimbere icyatsi.Tuzafatanya gushyiraho gahunda yubufatanye bwumukandara ninzira kumuhanda witerambere kugirango dushyire imbaraga nshya mukubaka umuhanda wicyatsi kibisi.Twiteguye kongera ubufatanye mubice nkibikorwa remezo bibisi, ingufu zicyatsi n’imari y’icyatsi, kandi dutezimbere imishinga itangiza ibidukikije ifite ubuziranenge kandi bufite ireme.Dushyigikiye amashyaka yubufatanye bwumukanda n'umuhanda mugutezimbere ubufatanye bwingufu zicyatsi.Turashishikariza ubucuruzi bugira uruhare mu bufatanye n’umuhanda no kuzuza inshingano z’imibereho no kunoza imikorere y’ibidukikije, imibereho myiza n’imiyoborere (ESG).

Icya kane, dukeneye gukomeza guteza imbere ubucuruzi bwisanzuye mukarere kacu no kwisi.Ubushinwa buzakora ibishoboka byose kugira ngo hashyirwe mu bikorwa ubufatanye bw’ubukungu bw’akarere (RCEP) no kwihutisha ubukungu bw’akarere.Ubushinwa buzakorana n’impande zose kugirango inganda n’inganda zitangwe ku isi, umutekano kandi uhamye.Tuzakingura umuryango wacu ku isi hose.Kandi twiteguye gusangira inyungu ku isoko ry’Ubushinwa na bose kugira ngo tumenye neza ko izenguruka mu gihugu no mu mahanga rizaterana inkunga.Ibi kandi bizafasha umubano wa hafi nu mwanya mugari wubufatanye mubukungu mubafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.

Aziya-Pasifika nakarere kiyongera cyane hamwe nubufatanye bukomeye nubufatanye bukomeye kwisi.Ituwe na 60 ku ijana by'abatuye isi na 70 ku ijana bya GDP.Yagize uruhare hejuru ya bibiri bya gatatu byiterambere ryisi, kandi igira uruhare runini mukurwanya isi yose kurwanya COVID-19 no kuzamuka kwubukungu.Agace ka Aziya-Pasifika kagomba kuba intambwe yiterambere nubufatanye, ntabwo ari kashe ya geopolitike.Iterambere niterambere ryaka karere bigomba guha agaciro ibihugu byose byakarere.

Ibihugu bya Aziya na pasifika nibyo byambere, abaterankunga nintangarugero mubufatanye mpuzamahanga n'umuhanda.Nk’umunyamuryango w’akarere ka Aziya-Pasifika, Ubushinwa bwiteguye gukorana n’ibihugu bya Aziya-Pasifika mu rwego rw’ubufatanye hagamijwe guteza imbere iterambere ry’umukandara n’umuhanda, gutanga ibisubizo bya Aziya-Pasifika mu kurwanya isi yose kurwanya COVID-19, gutera Ubuzima bwa Aziya-Pasifika mu guhuza isi, no kugeza icyizere cya Aziya-Pasifika mu kuzamura ubukungu bw’isi ku buryo burambye, kugira ngo tugire uruhare runini mu kubaka umuryango ufite ejo hazaza heza mu karere ka Aziya-Pasifika ndetse n’umuryango ufite a gusangira ejo hazaza h'abantu.
Murakoze.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nyakanga-19-2021