Ijambo nyamukuru ry’Umujyanama wa HE na Minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga Wang Yi mu nama yo ku rwego rwo hejuru muri Aziya na Pasifika ku bufatanye n’umukanda n’umuhanda
23 Kamena 2021

Abo dukorana, Inshuti, Mu 2013, Perezida Xi Jinping yatanze icyifuzo cyo gutangiza umukanda n'umuhanda (BRI).Kuva icyo gihe, hamwe n’uruhare rw’imbaraga n’impande zose, iyi gahunda yingenzi yerekanye imbaraga nimbaraga, kandi itanga umusaruro mwiza niterambere.

Mu myaka umunani ishize, BRI yavuye mu gitekerezo ihinduka ibikorwa nyabyo, kandi yakiriwe neza n’umuryango mpuzamahanga.Kugeza ubu, ibihugu by’abafatanyabikorwa bigera ku 140 byashyize umukono ku nyandiko ku bufatanye n’umuhanda n’Ubushinwa.BRI yahindutse rwose isi yagutse kandi ishingiye ku isi n’ubufatanye mpuzamahanga.

Mu myaka umunani ishize, BRI yavuye mu iyerekwa iba impamo, kandi izana amahirwe menshi n’inyungu ku bihugu byo ku isi.Ubucuruzi hagati y'Ubushinwa n'abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI bwarenze miliyoni 9.2 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Ishoramari ritaziguye ry’amasosiyete y'Abashinwa mu bihugu byo ku Muhanda n'Umuhanda yarenze miliyari 130 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Raporo ya Banki y'Isi yerekana ko iyo ishyizwe mu bikorwa byuzuye, BRI ishobora kongera ubucuruzi ku isi ku gipimo cya 6.2 ku ijana naho amafaranga yinjira ku isi akiyongeraho 2,9 ku ijana, kandi bigatuma iterambere ryiyongera ku isi.

By'umwihariko umwaka ushize, nubwo COVID-19 yatunguranye, ubufatanye bw'Umukanda n'Umuhanda ntibwahagaze.Yatinyutse imitwe kandi ikomeza gutera imbere, yerekana kwihangana bidasanzwe.

Twese hamwe, twashyizeho firewall mpuzamahanga yubufatanye kurwanya COVID-19.Abafatanyabikorwa b’Ubushinwa na BRI bakoze inama zirenga 100 kugira ngo basangire ubunararibonye ku gukumira no kurwanya COVID.Hagati muri Kamena, Ubushinwa bwatanze masike zirenga miliyari 290, imyenda yo gukingira miliyari 3,5 hamwe n’ibikoresho byo gupima miliyari 4.5 ku isi, kandi bifasha ibihugu byinshi kubaka laboratoire zipimisha.Ubushinwa bwishora mu bufatanye n’inkingo n’ibihugu byinshi, kandi bwatanze kandi bwohereza mu mahanga dosiye zirenga miliyoni 400 z’inkingo zuzuye kandi nyinshi mu bihugu birenga 90, ibyinshi muri byo bikaba ari abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.

Twese hamwe, twatanze stabilisateur mubukungu bwisi.Twakoze inama mpuzamahanga za BRI kugirango dusangire ubunararibonye bwiterambere, duhuze politiki yiterambere, tunateze imbere ubufatanye bufatika.Twakomeje imishinga myinshi ya BRI.Ubufatanye bw'ingufu munsi y’umuhanda w’ubukungu w’Ubushinwa na Pakisitani butanga kimwe cya gatatu cy’amashanyarazi ya Pakisitani.Umushinga wo gutanga amazi ya Katana muri Sri Lanka watumye amazi meza yo kunywa agera ku midugudu 45 yaho.Imibare irerekana ko umwaka ushize, ubucuruzi bw’ibicuruzwa hagati y’Ubushinwa n’abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI bwanditseho miliyoni 1.35 z’amadolari y’Amerika, bigira uruhare runini mu guhangana na COVID, ihungabana ry’ubukungu n’imibereho y’abaturage mu bihugu bireba.

Twese hamwe, twubatse ibiraro bishya byo guhuza isi.Ubushinwa bwakoze ubufatanye bwa e-ubucuruzi bwa Silk Road n’ibihugu 22 by’abafatanyabikorwa.Ibi byafashije gukomeza ubucuruzi mpuzamahanga mu cyorezo.Muri 2020, Umuhanda wa gari ya moshi w'Ubushinwa n'Uburayi unyura ku mugabane wa Aziya, wageze ku mibare mishya muri serivisi zitwara imizigo ndetse no ku bwinshi bw'imizigo.Mu gihembwe cya mbere cy'uyu mwaka, Express yohereje gari ya moshi 75 ku ijana kandi itanga TEU y'ibicuruzwa 84 ku ijana ugereranije no mu gihe kimwe cy'umwaka ushize.Express yashimiwe nk '“ingamiya y'ingamiya y'icyuma”, Express yabayeho rwose mu izina ryayo kandi yagize uruhare runini mu guha ibihugu inkunga ikeneye mu kurwanya COVID.

Bagenzi bacu, Iterambere ryihuta kandi ryera Ubufatanye bwumukandara ninzira nigisubizo cyubufatanye nubufatanye hagati yabafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.Icy'ingenzi kurushaho, nk'uko Perezida Xi Jinping yabigaragaje mu magambo yanditse muri iyi nama, ubufatanye bw’umukandara n’umuhanda bugendera ku ihame ry’inama nyunguranabitekerezo, umusanzu uhuriweho hamwe n’inyungu zisangiwe.Ikora igitekerezo cyo kwiteza imbere, icyatsi kandi gisukuye.Kandi igamije iterambere ryisumbuye, rishingiye ku bantu kandi rirambye.

Buri gihe twiyemeje kugisha inama kimwe.Abafatanyabikorwa bose, batitaye ku bunini bwubukungu, ni abanyamuryango bangana mumuryango wa BRI.Nta gahunda yacu y'ubufatanye ifitanye isano n'imitwe ya politiki.Ntabwo twigera dushira kubushake bwacu kubandi bita umwanya wimbaraga.Nta nubwo dushyira iterabwoba ku gihugu icyo ari cyo cyose.

Buri gihe twiyemeje inyungu zinyuranye no gutsinda-gutsinda.BRI yavuye mu Bushinwa, ariko itanga amahirwe nibisubizo byiza kubihugu byose, kandi bigirira akamaro isi yose.Twashimangiye politiki, ibikorwa remezo, ubucuruzi, imari n’abantu guhuza abantu kugira ngo dukurikirane ubukungu, tugere ku iterambere rihuriweho, kandi tugere kuri bose inyungu.Izi mbaraga zatumye inzozi z'Abashinwa n'inzozi z'ibihugu byo ku isi.

Buri gihe twiyemeje gufungura no kwishyira hamwe.BRI ni umuhanda rusange ufunguye kuri bose, kandi udafite inyuma cyangwa inkuta ndende.Ifunguye ubwoko bwose bwa sisitemu numuco, kandi ntabwo ibogamye mubitekerezo.Twuguruye ibikorwa byose byubufatanye kwisi bifasha kurushaho guhuza no kwiteza imbere, kandi twiteguye gukorana nabo no gufashanya gutsinda.

Twama twiyemeje guhanga udushya no gutera imbere.Nyuma ya COVID-19, twatangije umuhanda wa Silk wubuzima.Kugirango tugere kuri karubone nkeya, duhinga Umuhanda wicyatsi kibisi.Kugirango dukoreshe inzira ya digitale, twubaka umuhanda wa silike.Kugira ngo dukemure icyuho cy’iterambere, turimo kubaka kubaka BRI mu nzira yo kurwanya ubukene.Ubufatanye bw'umukanda n'umuhanda bwatangiriye mu rwego rw'ubukungu, ariko ntibugarukira aho.Irimo kuba urubuga rushya rwo kuyobora neza isi.

Mu minsi mike, Ishyaka rya gikomunisiti ry’Ubushinwa (CPC) rizizihiza imyaka ijana rimaze.Ku buyobozi bwa CPC, Abashinwa vuba aha bazarangiza kubaka umuryango utera imbere mu buryo bushyize mu gaciro muri byose, kandi hashingiwe kuri ibyo, batangire urugendo rushya rwo kubaka byimazeyo igihugu cy’abasosiyalisiti kigezweho.Mu ntangiriro nshya y’amateka, Ubushinwa buzakorana n’andi mashyaka yose kugira ngo dukomeze ubufatanye bwiza bwo mu rwego rwo hejuru n’umuhanda no kubaka ubufatanye bwa hafi mu bufatanye bw’ubuvuzi, guhuza, iterambere ry’icyatsi, no gufungura no kwishyira hamwe.Izi mbaraga zizatanga amahirwe menshi ninyungu kuri bose.

Icya mbere, dukeneye gukomeza gushimangira ubufatanye mpuzamahanga ku nkingo.Tuzafatanya gutangiza gahunda y’ubufatanye bw’umukandara n’umuhanda ku bufatanye bw’inkingo za COVID-19 hagamijwe guteza imbere ikwirakwizwa ry’inkingo mpuzamahanga no kubaka ingabo ikingira virusi.Ubushinwa buzashyira mu bikorwa ingamba z’ingenzi zatangajwe na Perezida Xi Jinping mu nama y’ubuzima ku isi.Ubushinwa buzatanga inkingo n’ibindi bikoresho byihutirwa by’ubuvuzi ku bafatanyabikorwa ba BRI ndetse n’ibindi bihugu uko bishoboka kose, bishyigikire amasosiyete y’inkingo mu kohereza ikoranabuhanga mu bindi bihugu biri mu nzira y'amajyambere no gukora umusaruro uhuriweho na bo, kandi bigashyigikira kuvutsa uburenganzira bw’umutungo bwite mu by'ubwenge. ku nkingo za COVID-19, zose mu rwego rwo gufasha ibihugu byose gutsinda COVID-19.

Icya kabiri, dukeneye gukomeza gushimangira ubufatanye muburyo bwo guhuza.Tuzakomeza guhuza gahunda ziterambere ry’ibikorwa remezo, kandi dufatanyirize hamwe ibikorwa remezo byo gutwara abantu, koridoro y’ubukungu, n’ubukungu n’ubucuruzi n’ubucuruzi bw’inganda.Tuzakomeza gukoresha Express ya Gariyamoshi y'Ubushinwa n'Uburayi kugira ngo duteze imbere ubufatanye ku byambu no kohereza ibicuruzwa ku Muhanda wa Silkike wo mu nyanja no kubaka Umuhanda wa Silk mu kirere.Tuzakira inzira yo guhindura imibare no guteza imbere inganda za digitale twihutisha iyubakwa ryumuhanda wa Silk, kandi duhuze ubwenge muburyo bushya mugihe kizaza.

Icya gatatu, dukeneye gukomeza guteza imbere ubufatanye mugutezimbere icyatsi.Tuzafatanya gushyira hamwe gahunda yubufatanye bwumukandara n’umuhanda ku iterambere ry’ibidukikije kugira ngo dushyire imbaraga mu kubaka Umuhanda w’icyatsi kibisi.Twiteguye kongera ubufatanye mubice nkibikorwa remezo bibisi, ingufu zicyatsi n’imari y’icyatsi, no guteza imbere imishinga yangiza ibidukikije ifite ubuziranenge kandi bufite ireme.Dushyigikiye amashyaka y’ubufatanye bw’ingufu n’umuhanda mu kuzamura ubufatanye ku mbaraga z’icyatsi.Turashishikariza ubucuruzi bugira uruhare mu bufatanye n’umuhanda no kuzuza inshingano zabo z’imibereho no kuzamura imikorere y’ibidukikije, imibereho myiza n’imiyoborere (ESG).

Icya kane, dukeneye gukomeza guteza imbere ubucuruzi bwisanzuye mukarere kacu no kwisi.Ubushinwa buzakora ibishoboka byose kugira ngo hakurikizwe hakiri kare ubufatanye bw’ubukungu bw’akarere (RCEP) no kwihutisha ubukungu bw’akarere.Ubushinwa buzakorana n’impande zose kugirango inganda n’inganda zitangwe ku isi, umutekano kandi uhamye.Tuzakingura umuryango wacu kurushaho.Twiteguye gusangira inyungu ku isoko ry’Ubushinwa na bose kugira ngo tumenye neza ko izenguruka mu gihugu no mu mahanga rizaterana inkunga.Ibi bizafasha kandi umubano wa hafi n'umwanya mugari w'ubufatanye mu bukungu hagati y'abafatanyabikorwa ba BRI.

Aziya-Pasifika nakarere kiyongera cyane kandi gafite imbaraga n’ubufatanye bukomeye ku isi.Ituwe na 60 ku ijana by'abatuye isi na 70 ku ijana bya GDP.Yagize uruhare hejuru ya bibiri bya gatatu by'iterambere ry'isi, kandi igira uruhare runini mu kurwanya isi yose kurwanya COVID-19 no kuzamuka mu bukungu.Agace ka Aziya-Pasifika kagomba kuba intambwe yiterambere nubufatanye, ntabwo ari kashe ya geopolitike.Iterambere n'iterambere by'aka karere bigomba guhabwa agaciro n'ibihugu byose byo mu karere.

Ibihugu bya Aziya na pasifika nibyo byambere, abaterankunga nintangarugero zubufatanye mpuzamahanga n'umuhanda.Nk’umunyamuryango w’akarere ka Aziya-Pasifika, Ubushinwa bwiteguye gukorana n’ibihugu bya Aziya-Pasifika mu rwego rw’ubufatanye hagamijwe guteza imbere iterambere ry’umukanda n’umuhanda, gutanga ibisubizo bya Aziya-Pasifika mu kurwanya isi yose kurwanya COVID-19, gutera inshinge Ubuzima bwa Aziya-Pasifika mu guhuza isi, kandi bugatanga icyizere cya Aziya-Pasifika mu kuzamura ubukungu bw’isi ku buryo burambye, kugira ngo dutange umusanzu munini mu kubaka umuryango ufite ejo hazaza heza mu karere ka Aziya-Pasifika ndetse n’umuryango ufite a gusangira ejo hazaza h'abantu.
Murakoze.


Igihe cyoherejwe: Nyakanga-19-2021