Inkulumo Ebalulekile yeKhansela leSifundazwe se-HE kanye noNgqongqoshe Wezangaphandle u-Wang Yi eNgqungqutheleni Yezinga eliphezulu yase-Asia kanye ne-Pacific ye-Belt and Road Cooperation
23 Juni 2021

Ozakwethu, Abangane,Ngo-2013, uMongameli u-Xi Jinping wenza isiphakamiso se-Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).Kusukela lapho, ngokubamba iqhaza kanye nemizamo ehlanganyelwe yazo zonke izinhlangothi, lesi sinyathelo esibalulekile sibonise umfutho namandla aqinile, futhi saveza imiphumela emihle nenqubekelaphambili.

Kule minyaka eyisishiyagalombili edlule, i-BRI ishintshile isuka emqondweni yaba yizenzo zangempela, futhi yathola impendulo efudumele nokusekelwa emphakathini wamazwe ngamazwe.Kuze kube manje, amazwe angabambisene afinyelela kwangu-140 asayine imibhalo yokubambisana kweBelt and Road neChina.I-BRI isiphenduke inkundla ebanzi futhi enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni yokubambisana kwamazwe ngamazwe.

Kule minyaka eyisishiyagalombili edlule, i-BRI ishintshile isuka embonweni yaba ngokoqobo, futhi yaletha amathuba nezinzuzo ezinkulu emazweni emhlabeni jikelele.Ukuhwebelana phakathi kweShayina kanye nozakwethu be-BRI kudlule amathriliyoni angama-9.2 amadola aseMelika.Ukutshalwa kwezimali okuqondile kwezinkampani zaseShayina emazweni agudle iBelt and Road sekudlule izigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-130 zamadola aseMelika.Umbiko weBhange Lomhlaba uphakamisa ukuthi uma isisetshenziswa ngokugcwele, i-BRI ingakhuphula ukuhwebelana komhlaba wonke ngamaphesenti angu-6.2 kanye nemali engenayo yangempela yomhlaba wonke ngamaphesenti angu-2.9, futhi inikeze umfutho ophawulekayo ekukhuleni komhlaba.

Ngokuphawulekayo ngonyaka odlule, naphezu kokuqubuka kungazelelwe kwe-COVID-19, ukubambisana kweBelt and Road akuzange kume.Yaqunga isibindi futhi yaqhubeka nokuya phambili, ikhombisa ukuqina nokuqina okumangalisayo.

Ngokubambisana, senze i-firewall yomhlaba wonke yokubambisana ngokumelene ne-COVID-19.Ozakwethu base-China kanye ne-BRI babambe imihlangano engaphezu kwe-100 ukuze babelane ngolwazi mayelana nokuvikela nokulawula i-COVID.Maphakathi noJuni, iChina isihlinzeke ngomaski abangaphezu kwezigidigidi ezingama-290, amasudi okuzivikela ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-3.5 kanye nezinsiza zokuhlola eziyizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-4.5 emhlabeni, futhi yasiza amazwe amaningi ukuthi akhe amalebhu okuhlola.I-China isebenzisana kakhulu nokugoma namazwe amaningi, futhi inikele futhi yathumela imithamo engaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-400 yemithi yokugoma eqediwe neyinqwaba emazweni angaphezu kuka-90, iningi lawo okungabalingani be-BRI.

Ngokubambisana, sihlinzeke ngokuzinzisa umnotho womhlaba.Sibambe inqwaba yezingqungquthela zamazwe ngamazwe ze-BRI ukuze sabelane ngesipiliyoni sentuthuko, sixhumanise izinqubomgomo zentuthuko, futhi sithuthukise ukubambisana okungokoqobo.Sigcine amaphrojekthi amaningi e-BRI eqhubeka.Ukusebenzisana kwamandla ngaphansi kwe-China-Pakistan Economic Corridor kunikeza ingxenye eyodwa kwezintathu yamandla kagesi asePakistan.I-Katana Water Supply Project eSri Lanka yenze ukuba amanzi okuphuza aphephile atholakale ezigodini zakhona ezingu-45.Izibalo zibonisa ukuthi ngonyaka odlule, ukuhwebelana ngezimpahla phakathi kweChina nabalingani be-BRI kwabhalisa irekhodi lamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingu-1.35, okwenza umnikelo omkhulu ekuphenduleni kwe-COVID, ukuzinza komnotho kanye nempilo yabantu yamazwe athintekayo.

Ngokubambisana, sakhe amabhuloho amasha okuxhumana emhlabeni jikelele.I-China yenze ukusebenzisana kwe-e-commerce kaSilk Road namazwe angabambisene nawo angama-22.Lokhu kusizile ukuthi kuqhubeke ukuhwebelana kwamazwe ngamazwe kulo lonke lolu bhubhane.Ngo-2020, i-China-Europe Railway Express, enqamula ezwenikazi lase-Eurasian, yafinyelela izinombolo ezintsha ezirekhodiwe kuzo zombili izinsiza zezimpahla nezimpahla.Ngekota yokuqala yalo nyaka, i-Express ithumele izitimela ezengeziwe ezingamaphesenti angama-75 futhi yaletha ama-TEU ezimpahla ngamaphesenti angama-84 kunangesikhathi esifanayo ngonyaka odlule.Idunyiswa “njengomkhumbi wamakamela ensimbi”, i-Express iphile ngokuvumelana negama layo futhi yadlala indima ebalulekile ekunikezeni amazwe ukwesekwa akudingayo ekulweni ne-COVID.

Ozakwethu, Ukubambisana okukhula ngokushesha nokuthela izithelo kweBelt and Road kuwumphumela wobumbano nokubambisana phakathi kozakwethu be-BRI.Okubaluleke nakakhulu, njengoba uMongameli u-Xi Jinping abonisa emazwini akhe abhalwe phansi kule Ngqungquthela, ukubambisana kweBelt and Road kuqondiswa umgomo wokubonisana okubanzi, ukufaka isandla ngokubambisana kanye nezinzuzo okwabelwana ngazo.Isebenzisa umqondo wokuthuthuka okuvulekile, okuluhlaza nokuhlanzekile.Futhi ihloselwe ukukhula okusezingeni eliphezulu, okugxile kubantu nokusimeme.

Sihlale sizibophezele ekubonisaneni ngokulinganayo.Bonke abalingani bokubambisana, kungakhathaliseki ubukhulu bezomnotho, bangamalungu alinganayo omndeni we-BRI.Azikho izinhlelo zethu zokubambisana ezixhunywe uchungechunge lwepolitiki.Asilokothi siphoqelele intando yethu kwabanye kulokho okubizwa ngokuthi isikhundla samandla.Futhi asibeki usongo kunoma yiliphi izwe.

Sihlale sizibophezele ekuzuzeni ndawonye futhi siwine.I-BRI yavela e-China, kodwa idala amathuba nemiphumela emihle kuwo wonke amazwe, futhi izuzisa umhlaba wonke.Siqinise inqubomgomo, ingqalasizinda, ezohwebo, ezezimali kanye nokuxhumana phakathi kwabantu ukuze siphishekele ukuhlanganiswa kwezomnotho, sizuze intuthuko exhumene, futhi silethe izinzuzo kubo bonke.Le mizamo isisondeze iphupho lamaShayina kanye namaphupho amazwe omhlaba.

Sihlale sizibophezele ekuvulelekeni nasekubandakanyeni wonke umuntu.I-BRI iwumgwaqo womphakathi ovulekele wonke umuntu, futhi ayinayo igceke noma izindonga eziphakeme.Ivulekele zonke izinhlobo zezinhlelo nempucuko, futhi ayichemi ngokwemibono.Sivuleleke kuzo zonke izinhlelo zokubambisana emhlabeni ezisiza ukuxhumana okuseduze nentuthuko efanayo, futhi sikulungele ukusebenzisana nazo futhi sisizane siphumelele.

Sihlale sizibophezele ekusunguleni nasekuqhubekeleni phambili.Ngemuva kwe-COVID-19, sethule iSilk Road yezempilo.Ukuze sifinyelele uguquko lwekhabhoni ephansi, sihlakulela umgwaqo Kasilika oluhlaza.Ukuze sisebenzise inkambiso yedijithali, sakha umgwaqo kasilika wedijithali.Ukubhekana nezikhala zentuthuko, sisebenzela ukwakha i-BRI ibe umzila wokulwa nobubha.Ukubambisana kweBelt and Road kwaqala emkhakheni wezomnotho, kodwa akugcini lapho.Iba inkundla entsha yokubusa komhlaba wonke okungcono.

Ezinsukwini ezimbalwa, i-Communist Party of China (CPC) izogubha iminyaka eyikhulu yasungulwa.Ngaphansi kobuholi be-CPC, abantu baseShayina maduze bazophothula ukwakhiwa komphakathi ophumelelayo ngokusesilinganisweni kuzo zonke izici, futhi kuleso sisekelo, baqale uhambo olusha lokwakha ngokugcwele izwe lesimanje lezenhlalakahle.Esigcawini esisha esingokomlando, i-China izosebenzisana nazo zonke ezinye izinhlangano ukuze kuqhutshekwe nokubambisana kwethu kwezinga eliphezulu le-Belt and Road kanye nokwakha ubudlelwano obuseduze ukuze ukubambisana kwe-heath, ukuxhumana, ukuthuthukiswa kohlaza, nokuvuleleka kanye nokubandakanya wonke umuntu.Le mizamo izodala amathuba engeziwe kanye nezinzuzo kubo bonke.

Okokuqala, sidinga ukuqhubeka nokujulisa ukubambisana kwamazwe ngamazwe emithini yokugoma.Sizokwethula ngokuhlanganyela I-Initiative for Belt and Road Partnership on COVID-19 Vaccines Cooperation ukuze sikhuthaze ukusatshalaliswa kwemithi yokugoma ngendlela efanele emhlabeni wonke futhi sakhe isivikelo emhlabeni wonke ngokumelene naleli gciwane.I-China izosebenzisa ngenkuthalo izinyathelo ezibalulekile ezimenyezelwe nguMongameli Xi Jinping eNgqungqutheleni Yezempilo Yomhlaba Wonke.I-China izohlinzeka ngemithi yokugoma eyengeziwe nezinye izinto zokwelashwa ezidingeka ngokushesha kubalingani be-BRI nakwamanye amazwe ngokusemandleni ayo, isekele izinkampani zayo zokugoma ekudluliseleni ubuchwepheshe kwamanye amazwe asathuthuka futhi yenze ukukhiqiza ngokuhlanganyela nawo, futhi isekele ukwesulwa kwamalungelo empahla yengqondo. emithini yokugomela i-COVID-19, konke lokhu emzamweni wokusiza wonke amazwe ukuthi anqobe i-COVID-19.

Okwesibili, sidinga ukuqhubeka nokuqinisa ukubambisana ekuxhumaneni.Sizoqhubeka nokuhlanganisa izinhlelo zokuthuthukisa ingqalasizinda, futhi sisebenzisane mayelana nengqalasizinda yezokuthutha, imigudu yezomnotho, kanye nezindawo zokubambisana kwezomnotho nezokuhwebelana nezimboni.Sizophinde sisebenzise i-China-Europe Railway Express ukuze sikhuthaze ukubambisana kwechweba nemikhumbi egudle umgwaqo kasilika wase-Maritime futhi sakhe umgwaqo kasilika emoyeni.Sizokwamukela ukuthambekela koshintsho lwedijithali kanye nokuthuthukiswa kwezimboni zedijithali ngokusheshisa ukwakhiwa komgwaqo kasilika wedijithali, futhi senze ukuxhumana okuhlakaniphile kube iqiniso elisha esikhathini esizayo.

Okwesithathu, sidinga ukuqhubeka nokukhuthaza ukubambisana ekuthuthukisweni kwemvelo.Sizokwenza ngokuhlanganyela Umkhankaso Wokubambisana Kwebhande Nomgwaqo Ekuthuthukisweni Kokuhlaza ukuze sifake umfutho omusha ekwakheni umgwaqo Kasilika oluhlaza.Sesikulungele ukuqinisa ukubambisana emikhakheni efana nengqalasizinda eluhlaza, amandla aluhlaza kanye nezezimali eziluhlaza, futhi sithuthukise amaphrojekthi alungele imvelo ngezinga eliphezulu nekhwalithi ephezulu.Sisekela izinhlangano ku-Belt and Road Energy Partnership ekuthuthukiseni ukubambisana kwezamandla aluhlaza.Sikhuthaza amabhizinisi abandakanyekayo ekusebenzisaneni kwe-Belt and Road ukuze afeze izibopho zawo zomphakathi futhi athuthukise ukusebenza kwawo kwezemvelo, ezenhlalakahle kanye nokubusa (ESG).

Okwesine, sidinga ukuqhubeka nokuqhubekisela phambili uhwebo olukhululekile esifundeni sethu nasemhlabeni.I-China izosebenzela ukuqala kokusebenza kwe-Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) kanye nokuhlanganiswa komnotho wesifunda ngokushesha.I-China izosebenzisana nazo zonke izinhlangothi ukuze igcine amaketanga ezimboni kanye nabahlinzeka ngempahla evulekile, evikelekile futhi ezinzile.Sizovula umnyango wethu kabanzi emhlabeni.Futhi sikulungele ukwabelana ngezabelo zemakethe zaseShayina nabo bonke ukuze siqinisekise ukuthi ukusakazwa kwasekhaya nokwamanye amazwe kuzoqinisana.Lokhu kuzokwenza futhi ubudlelwano obuseduze nendawo ebanzi yokubambisana kwezomnotho phakathi kozakwethu be-BRI.

I-Asia-Pacific iyisifunda esikhula ngokushesha esinokubambisana okukhulu kunakho konke futhi okushukumisayo kakhulu emhlabeni.Kuyikhaya kumaphesenti angama-60 abantu emhlabeni kanye namaphesenti angama-70 e-GDP yawo.Ibe negalelo elingaphezu kwezingxenye ezimbili kwezintathu zokukhula komhlaba, futhi idlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu ekulweni ne-COVID-19 kanye nokusimama komnotho.Isifunda sase-Asia-Pacific kufanele sibe i-pacesetter yentuthuko nokubambisana, hhayi i-chessboard ye-geopolitics.Ukuzinza nokuchuma kwalesi sifunda kufanele kubhekwe njengegugu yiwo wonke amazwe esifunda.

Amazwe ase-Asia nasePacific angamavulandlela, ababambiqhaza nezibonelo zokubambisana kwamazwe ngamazwe eBelt and Road.Njengelungu lesifunda sase-Asia-Pacific, i-China isilungele ukusebenzisana namazwe ase-Asia-Pacific ngomoya wokubambisana ukukhuthaza ukuthuthukiswa kwe-Belt kanye Nomgwaqo ophezulu, ukuhlinzeka ngezixazululo ze-Asia-Pacific empini yomhlaba wonke yokulwa ne-COVID-19, umjovo. Amandla e-Asia-Pacific ekuxhumaneni nomhlaba wonke, futhi adlulisele ukuzethemba kwe-Asia-Pacific ekuvuseleleni umnotho wezwe ngendlela eqhubekayo, ukuze kube neqhaza elikhulu ekwakheni umphakathi onekusasa elihlanganyelwe esifundeni sase-Asia-Pacific kanye nomphakathi ono ikusasa elihlanganyelwe lesintu.
Ngiyabonga.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-19-2021