Intetho enguNdoqo ngu-HE Councillor yeSizwe kunye noMphathiswa wezangaPhandle u-Wang Yi e-Asia kunye ne-Pacific High-level Conference on Belt and Road Cooperation
23 Juni 2021

Oogxa bakhe, aBahlobo, ngo-2013, uMongameli uXi Jinping wenze isindululo se-Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).Ukususela ngoko, ngokuthatha inxaxheba kunye nemigudu edibeneyo yawo onke amaqela, eli nyathelo libalulekileyo libonise amandla amakhulu kunye namandla, kwaye livelise iziphumo ezilungileyo kunye nenkqubela phambili.

Kwiminyaka esibhozo edlulileyo, i-BRI iye yavela kwingcamango ibe yizenzo zangempela, kwaye yafumana impendulo efudumeleyo kunye nenkxaso evela kuluntu lwamazwe ngamazwe.Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-140 amazwe angamaqabane atyikitye amaxwebhu malunga nentsebenziswano yeBhanti kunye neNdlela kunye neTshayina.I-BRI ngenene ibe lelona qonga libanzi nelikhulu lentsebenziswano yehlabathi.

Kule minyaka isibhozo idlulileyo, i-BRI iye yaguquka ukusuka kumbono ukuya kwinyani, kwaye izise amathuba amakhulu kunye neenzuzo kumazwe ehlabathi jikelele.Urhwebo phakathi kweTshayina kunye namahlakani eBRI ludlule kwi-9.2 yetriliyoni zeedola zaseMelika.Utyalo-mali oluthe ngqo olwenziwa ziinkampani zaseTshayina kumazwe akwi-Belt and Road ludlule kwi-130 yeebhiliyoni zeedola zaseMelika.Ingxelo yeBhanki yehlabathi ibonisa ukuba xa iphunyezwe ngokupheleleyo, i-BRI inokwandisa urhwebo lwehlabathi ngeepesenti ze-6.2 kunye nengeniso yokwenyani yehlabathi ngama-2.9 ekhulwini, kwaye inike amandla amakhulu ekukhuleni kwehlabathi.

Ngokukodwa kulo nyaka uphelileyo, ngaphandle kokuqhambuka ngequbuliso kwe-COVID-19, intsebenziswano yeBelt kunye neNdlela ayizange ime.Yaqinisa imimoya kwaye yaqhubeka iqhubela phambili, ibonisa ukomelela okuphawulekayo kunye namandla.

Sikunye, senze i-firewall yentsebenziswano yamazwe ngamazwe ngokuchasene ne-COVID-19.Amaqabane aseTshayina kunye ne-BRI abambe iintlanganiso ezingaphezu kwe-100 ukwabelana ngamava ngothintelo nolawulo lwe-COVID.Phakathi kuJuni, i-China ibonelele ngeemaski ezingaphezulu kwe-290 yeebhiliyoni zeebhiliyoni, iisuti zokukhusela ezi-3.5 zeebhiliyoni kunye ne-4.5 yeebhiliyoni zeekhithi zokuvavanya kwihlabathi, kwaye yanceda amazwe amaninzi ukuba akhe iilebhu zovavanyo.I-China ibandakanyeka kwintsebenziswano ebanzi yesitofu sokugonya kunye namazwe amaninzi, kwaye inikele kwaye yathumela ngaphandle ngaphezulu kwe-400 yezigidi zeedosi zokugonya ezigqityiweyo kunye nezininzi kumazwe angaphezu kwama-90, uninzi lwawo ingamaqabane e-BRI.

Sikunye, sinikezele ngozinziso kuqoqosho lwehlabathi.Sibambe intaphane yeenkomfa zamazwe ngamazwe ze-BRI ukwabelana ngamava ophuhliso, ukulungelelanisa imigaqo-nkqubo yophuhliso, nokuqhubela phambili intsebenziswano ebonakalayo.Sigcine iiprojekthi ezininzi ze-BRI ziqhubeka.Intsebenziswano yamandla phantsi kweChina-Pakistan Economic Corridor ibonelela ngesinye kwisithathu sobonelelo lwamandla lwasePakistan.IProjekthi yokuBonelelwa kwamanzi eKatana eSri Lanka yenze ukuba amanzi okusela akhuselekileyo afumaneke kwiilali ezingama-45 apho.Ubalo lubonisa ukuba kulo nyaka uphelileyo, ukurhweba ngempahla phakathi kweTshayina kunye namaqabane e-BRI abhalise irekhodi le-1.35 yetriliyoni yeedola zaseMelika, esenza igalelo elibalulekileyo kwimpendulo ye-COVID, uzinzo lwezoqoqosho kunye nokuphila kwabantu kumazwe afanelekileyo.

Sikunye, sakhe iibhulorho ezintsha zoqhagamshelwano lwehlabathi.I-China iqhube i-Silk Road e-commerce intsebenziswano kunye namazwe angama-22 amaqabane.Oku kuye kwanceda ukugcina ukuhamba korhwebo lwamazwe ngamazwe kulo lonke ubhubhane.Ngo-2020, i-China-Europe Railway Express, etyhutyha ilizwekazi lase-Eurasia, yabetha amanani amatsha kwiinkonzo zothutho kunye nomthamo wempahla.Kwikota yokuqala yalo nyaka, i-Express ithumele oololiwe abangama-75 ekhulwini kwaye yazisa iipesenti ezingama-84 ngaphezulu kwee-TEU zeempahla kunexesha elifanayo kulo nyaka uphelileyo.Idunyiswa “njengenqanawa yeenkamela zentsimbi”, i-Express iphile ngokwenyani ngokwegama layo kwaye idlale indima ebalulekileyo ekunikeni amazwe inkxaso ayidingayo ekulweni ne-COVID.

Oogxa,Intsebenziswano ekhula ngokukhawuleza neneziqhamo iBhanti kunye neNdlela zisisiphumo sobumbano nentsebenziswano phakathi kwamahlakani e-BRI.Okubaluleke ngakumbi, njengoko uMongameli u-Xi Jinping wachaza kwiingxelo zakhe ezibhaliweyo kule Nkomfa, i-Belt kunye neNdlela yokubambisana ikhokelwa ngumgaqo wokubonisana ngokubanzi, igalelo elidibeneyo kunye neenzuzo ezabelwana ngazo.Isebenzisa ingqikelelo yophuhliso oluvulekileyo, oluluhlaza nolucocekileyo.Kwaye ijolise ekukhuleni okukumgangatho ophezulu, okugxile ebantwini kunye nokuzinzileyo.

Sisoloko sizimisele ukubonisana ngokulinganayo.Bonke amaqabane entsebenziswano, kungakhathaliseki ubungakanani bezoqoqosho, ngamalungu alinganayo entsapho ye-BRI.Akukho nanye kwiinkqubo zethu zentsebenziswano edityaniswe nemitya yezopolitiko.Asize sinyanzelise ukuthanda kwethu kwabanye koko kufane kuthiwe sisikhundla sokomelela.Kananjalo asisisoyikiso kulo naliphi na ilizwe.

Sihlala sizibophelele kwinzuzo efanayo kwaye siphumelele.I-BRI yavela eChina, kodwa idala amathuba kunye neziphumo ezilungileyo kuwo onke amazwe, kwaye ixhamle ihlabathi lonke.Siye sawuqinisa umgaqo-nkqubo, iziseko ezingundoqo, urhwebo, imali kunye noqhagamshelwano phakathi kwabantu nabantu ukuze silandele umanyano lwezoqoqosho, siphumeze uphuhliso olunxibeleleneyo, kunye nokuhanjiswa kweenzuzo kubo bonke.Ezi nzame ziye zasondeza iphupha lamaTshayina kunye namaphupha amazwe ehlabathi jikelele.

Sisoloko sizibophelele ekuvuleni nasekubandakanyekeni.I-BRI yindlela kawonke-wonke evuleleke kubo bonke, kwaye ayinayo ingasemva okanye iindonga eziphakamileyo.Ivuleleke kuzo zonke iintlobo zeenkqubo kunye nempucuko, kwaye ayikhethi cala.Sivulelekile kuwo onke amalinge entsebenziswano kwihlabathi ahambelana noqhagamshelwano olusondeleyo kunye nophuhliso olufanayo, kwaye sikulungele ukusebenzisana nabo kwaye sincedane ukuba siphumelele.

Sisoloko sizibophelele ekuveliseni izinto ezintsha nakwinkqubela phambili.Emva kwe-COVID-19, siphehlelele iSilk Road yezempilo.Ukufezekisa utshintsho lwekhabhoni ephantsi, sihlakulela iSilk Road eluhlaza.Ukusebenzisa indlela yokwenza idijithali, sakha indlela yeSilika yedijithali.Ukujongana nezikhewu zophuhliso, sisebenzela ukwakha i-BRI ibe yindlela yokuphelisa intlupheko.Intsebenziswano yeBelt and Road yaqala kwicandelo lezoqoqosho, kodwa ayipheleli apho.Iba liqonga elitsha lolawulo olungcono lwehlabathi.

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa, iQela lamaKomanisi laseTshayina (CPC) liza kuphawula iminyaka elikhulu likhona.Phantsi kobunkokeli be-CPC, abantu baseTshayina baya kugqiba ngokukhawuleza ukwakha uluntu olunenkqubela phambili ngokulinganayo kuzo zonke iinkalo, kwaye ngeso siseko, baqalise uhambo olutsha lokwakha ngokupheleleyo ilizwe lentlalontle yanamhlanje.Kwisiqalo esitsha sembali, i-China iza kusebenza nawo onke amanye amaqela ukuqhubeka nentsebenziswano yethu ekumgangatho ophezulu weBhanti kunye neNdlela kunye nokwakha ubudlelwane obusondeleyo kwintsebenziswano ye-heath, uqhagamshelwano, uphuhliso oluluhlaza, kunye nokuvuleleka kunye nokubandakanya.Ezi nzame ziyakuvelisa amathuba amaninzi kunye nengeniso kubo bonke.

Okokuqala, kufuneka siqhubeleke sigxininise intsebenziswano yamazwe ngamazwe kwizitofu zokugonya.Ngokudibeneyo siza kusungula iNyathelo leNtsebenziswano yeBhanti kunye neNdlela kwiNtsebenziswano yoGonyo lwe-COVID-19 ukukhuthaza ukusasazwa kogonyo kumazwe ngamazwe kunye nokwakha ikhaka lehlabathi lokulwa intsholongwane.I-China iya kuphumeza ngokusebenzayo amanyathelo abalulekileyo abhengezwe nguMongameli Xi Jinping kwiNgqungquthela yezeMpilo yeHlabathi.I-China iya kubonelela ngogonyo olungakumbi kunye nezinye izixhobo zonyango ezifuneka ngokungxamisekileyo kumaqabane e-BRI nakwamanye amazwe ngokusemandleni ayo, ixhase iinkampani zayo zokugonya ekudluliseleni itekhnoloji kwamanye amazwe asaphuhlayo kunye nokwenza imveliso edibeneyo kunye nawo, kunye nokuxhasa ukurhoxiswa kwamalungelo epropathi yobukrelekrele. kwizitofu zokugonya ze-COVID-19, konke kumzamo wokunceda onke amazwe oyise i-COVID-19.

Okwesibini, kufuneka siqhubeke siqinisa intsebenziswano kuqhagamshelwano.Siza kuqhubeka nokudibanisa izicwangciso zophuhliso lweziseko ezingundoqo, kwaye sisebenze kunye kwiziseko ezingundoqo zezothutho, iipaseji zezoqoqosho, kunye nemimandla yentsebenziswano kwezoqoqosho norhwebo kunye nezoshishino.Siza kusebenzisa ngakumbi i-China-Europe Railway Express ukukhuthaza intsebenziswano kwizibuko nenqanawa ecaleni kweNdlela yeSilika yaseMaritime kunye nokwakha iNdlela yeSilika esemoyeni.Siya kuyamkela intsingiselo yenguqu yedijithali kunye nophuhliso lwamashishini edijithali ngokukhawulezisa ukwakhiwa kweNdlela yeSilika yedijithali, kwaye senze uqhagamshelwano oluhlakaniphileyo lube yinyani entsha kwixesha elizayo.

Okwesithathu, kufuneka siqhubeke nokukhuthaza intsebenziswano kuphuhliso lohlaza.Ngokudibeneyo siza kuseka iNyathelo leBhanti kunye neNtsebenziswano yeNdlela kuPhuhliso loLuhlaza ukuze sifake amandla amatsha ekwakheni iNdlela yeSilika eluhlaza.Sikulungele ukunyusa intsebenziswano kwimimandla efana neziseko ezingundoqo zohlaza, amandla ohlaza kunye nemali yohlaza, kunye nokuphuhlisa iiprojekthi ezihambelana nokusingqongileyo ezinomgangatho ophezulu kunye nomgangatho ophezulu.Siyawaxhasa amaqela kwi-Belt and Road Energy Partnership ekwandiseni intsebenziswano kumandla ohlaza.Sikhuthaza amashishini abandakanyekayo kwintsebenziswano ye-Belt kunye neNdlela ukuba afezekise uxanduva lwabo lwentlalo kunye nokuphucula ukusebenza kwabo kokusingqongileyo, ezentlalo kunye nolawulo (ESG).

Okwesine, kufuneka siqhubele phambili ukuqhubela phambili urhwebo olukhululekileyo kwingingqi yethu nakwihlabathi.I-China iza kusebenzela ukungena kwangethuba koBudlelwane boQoqosho obuBanzi boMmandla (RCEP) kunye nokuhlanganiswa koqoqosho lwengingqi ngokukhawuleza.I-China iya kusebenza nawo onke amacala ukugcina imizi-mveliso yehlabathi kunye namakhonkco okubonelela evulekile, ekhuselekile kwaye ezinzileyo.Siya kuvula umnyango wethu ngakumbi kwihlabathi.Kwaye sikulungele ukwabelana ngezabelo zemarike yaseTshayina nabo bonke ukuqinisekisa ukuba ujikelezo lwasekhaya nolwamazwe ngamazwe luya kuqinisa ngokufanayo.Oku kuya kwenza ukuba kubekho ubudlelwane obusondeleyo kunye nendawo ebanzi yentsebenziswano yezoqoqosho phakathi kwamahlakani e-BRI.

I-Asiya-Pacific ngowona mmandla ukhula ngokukhawuleza onentsebenziswano enkulu kunye neyona nto inamandla ehlabathini.Likhaya kuma-60 epesenti yabemi behlabathi kunye nama-70 epesenti yeGDP yalo.Ibe negalelo elingaphezu kwesibini esithathwini sokukhula kwehlabathi, kwaye idlala indima ebalulekileyo kumlo wehlabathi ochasene ne-COVID-19 kunye nokubuyela kwimeko yesiqhelo kuqoqosho.Ummandla we-Asia-Pacific kufuneka ube yi-pacesetter yophuhliso kunye nentsebenziswano, kungekhona i-chessboard ye-geopolitics.Uzinzo kunye nokuchuma kwalo mmandla kufuneka kuxatyiswe ngawo onke amazwe ommandla.

Amazwe aseAsia kunye nePasifiki angoovulindlela, abanegalelo kunye nemizekelo yentsebenziswano yamazwe ngamazwe eBelt and Road.Njengelungu lommandla we-Asia-Pacific, i-China ikulungele ukusebenza kunye namazwe ase-Asia-Pacific ngomoya wokubambisana ukukhuthaza umgangatho ophezulu weBhanti kunye nophuhliso lweNdlela, ukubonelela ngezisombululo ze-Asia-Pacific kumlo wehlabathi jikelele wokulwa ne-COVID-19, tofa. Amandla e-Asia-Pacific kuqhagamshelo lwehlabathi, kwaye adlulisele ukuzithemba kwe-Asia-Pacific ekubuyiseni okuzinzileyo koqoqosho lwehlabathi, ukuze kwenziwe igalelo elikhulu ekwakheni uluntu olunekamva ekwabelwana ngalo kwingingqi ye-Asia-Pacific kunye noluntu olunoluntu ekwabelwana ngekamva loluntu.
Enkosi.


Ixesha lokuposa: Jul-19-2021