Keynote Hurukuro naHE State Councillor uye Gurukota rezvekune dzimwe nyika Wang Yi kuAsia nePacific High-level Musangano weBelt uye Road Cooperation.
23 Chikumi 2021

Vaanoshanda navo, Shamwari, Muna 2013, Mutungamiri Xi Jinping vakakurudzira iyo Belt uye Road Initiative (BRI).Kubva ipapo, nekutora rutivi uye nhamburiko dzakabatana dzamativi ose, iyi nhamburiko inokosha yakaratidza simba rakasimba nougwinyi, uye yakabereka miuyo yakanaka nokufambira mberi.

Kwemakore masere apfuura, BRI yakabva kune imwe pfungwa ikava zviito chaizvo, uye yakagamuchira mhinduro inodziya nerutsigiro kubva kunharaunda dzepasirese.Parizvino, nyika dzinosvika zana nemakumi mana dzakasaina magwaro ekubatana kweBelt and Road neChina.Iyo BRI yave zvechokwadi nzvimbo yakakura-yakavakirwa pasi rose uye yakakura kwazvo yekudyidzana nedzimwe nyika.

Mumakore masere apfuura, BRI yakashanduka kubva muchiratidzo ichienda kune chokwadi, uye yakaunza mikana mikuru uye mabhenefiti kunyika dzepasirese.Kutengeserana pakati peChina neBRI vadyidzani kwapfuura 9.2 trillion US madhora.Mari yakanangana nemakambani ekuChina munyika dziri pedyo neBelt and Road yadarika mabhiriyoni zana nemakumi matatu emadhora ekuAmerica.Gwaro reWorld Bank rinoratidza kuti kana ikashandiswa zvizere, BRI inogona kuwedzera kutengeserana kwenyika nezvikamu zvitanhatu nemazana maviri kubva muzana uye mari inowanikwa pasi rose nezvikamu zviviri nemazana mapfumbamwe kubva muzana, uye kupa kusimudzira kukuru mukukura kwenyika.

Zvikuru gore rapfuura, kunyangwe kubuda kwakangoerekana kwaitika kweCCIDID-19, Belt neRoad kubatana hakuna kumira.Yakashinga uye yakaenderera mberi ichienda mberi, ichiratidza kusimba uye kusimba kunoshamisa.

Pamwe chete, takaisa firewall yepasi rose yekubatana kurwisa COVID-19.China neBRI vadyidzani vakaita misangano inopfuura zana kuti vagovane ruzivo nezvekudzivirira uye kutonga kweCOVID.Pakazosvika pakati paChikumi, China yapa masiki anodarika mazana maviri nemakumi mapfumbamwe emadhora, masutu ekudzivirira mabhiriyoni mazana matatu nemazana mashanu uye mabhiriyoni mazana mana nemazana mashanu ezviuru zvekuyedza kupasi, uye yakabatsira nyika zhinji kuvaka marabhu ekuyedza.China iri kuita mubatanidzwa wakawanda wekudzivirira zvirwere nenyika dzakawanda, uye yakapa nekutumira kunze kwenyika dzinopfuura mazana mana emamiriyoni emishonga yekudzivirira uye yakawandisa kunyika dzinopfuura makumi mapfumbamwe, mazhinji acho ari vadyidzani veBRI.

Pamwe chete, takapa chinodzikamisa hupfumi hwenyika.Takaita akawanda emisangano yepasi rose yeBRI kuti tigovane ruzivo rwebudiriro, kuronga mitemo yebudiriro, uye kufambisira mberi kushandirapamwe kunoshanda.Takachengeta mapurojekiti mazhinji eBRI achienda.Kudyidzana kwesimba pasi peChina-Pakistan Economic Corridor inopa chikamu chimwe muzvitatu chePakistan magetsi.Katana Water Supply Project muSri Lanka yakaita kuti mvura yekunwa yakachengeteka iwanikwe kumisha ye45 ikoko.Huwandu hunoratidza kuti gore rapfuura, kutengeserana kwezvinhu pakati peChina neBRI vadyidzani vakanyoresa rekodhi 1.35 bhiriyoni emadhora ekuAmerica, zvichiita mupiro wakakura kumhinduro yeCOVID, kugadzikana kwehupfumi uye raramo yevanhu yenyika dzakakodzera.

Pamwe chete, takavaka mabhiriji matsva ekubatanidza pasi rose.China yakaita Silk Road e-commerce kushandira pamwe nenyika makumi maviri nembiri.Izvi zvakabatsira kuchengetedza kutengeserana kwenyika kuyerera mukati medenda iri.Muna 2020, iyo China-Europe Railway Express, iyo inomhanya nemuEurasian kondinendi, yakarova nhamba nyowani mumasevhisi ekutakura uye mavhoriyamu ekutakura zvinhu.Muchikamu chekutanga chegore rino, Express yakatumira makumi manomwe neshanu muzana ezvitima uye yakaunza makumi masere neshanu muzana ezve TEUs yezvinhu kupfuura panguva imwe cheteyo gore rapfuura.Inorumbidzwa se "ngamera dzesimbi", Express yakanyatsoita zvinoenderana nezita rayo uye yakaita basa rakakosha kupa nyika rutsigiro rwavanoda mukurwisa COVID.

Vanoshanda navo, Kukurumidzira uye kubereka zvibereko Belt uye Mugwagwa mushandirapamwe mhedzisiro yekubatana nekushandira pamwe pakati pevashandi veBRI.Zvinotonyanya kukosha, sekutaura kwakaita Mutungamiri Xi Jinping mumashoko ake akanyorwa kuMusangano uyu, Kushandirapamwe kweBelt neMugwagwa kunotungamirwa nemusimboti wekubvunzana kwakawanda, mupiro wekubatana uye mabhenefiti ekugovana.Inoshandisa pfungwa yekuvhurika, yakasvibira uye yakachena kukura.Uye yakanangidzirwa pakukura kwepamusoro-soro, kwakatarisana nevanhu uye kwakasimba.

Isu tinogara takazvipira kubvunzana zvakaenzana.Vese vanobatira pamwe, zvisinei nehukuru hwehupfumi, inhengo dzakaenzana dzemhuri yeBRI.Hapana kana chimwe chezvirongwa zvedu zvekushandira pamwe chakabatanidzwa netambo dzezvematongerwo enyika.Hatimboregi kuda kwedu pane vamwe kubva pane inonzi chinzvimbo chesimba.Kana isu hatisi kutyisidzira kune chero nyika.

Isu tinogara takazvipira kubatsirana uye kuhwina-kuhwina.IBRI yakabva kuChina, asi inogadzira mikana nemigumisiro yakanaka kunyika dzose, uye inobatsira pasi rose.Isu takasimbisa mutemo, zvivakwa, kutengeserana, mari uye vanhu-kune-vanhu kubatana kuti vatevedze kubatanidzwa kwehupfumi, kuwana budiriro yakabatana, uye kuendesa mabhenefiti kune vese.Kuedza uku kwakaunza pedyo chiroto cheChinese uye zviroto zvenyika dzepasirese.

Isu tinogara takazvipira kuvhurika uye kusanganisa.Iyo BRI inzira yeruzhinji yakavhurika kune vese, uye haina kuseri kwemba kana madziro akakwirira.Yakavhurika kune ese marudzi ehurongwa uye budiriro, uye haina fungidziro dzakarerekera.Isu takavhurika kune ese ekudyidzana zvirongwa munyika zvinokonzeresa hukama hwepedyo uye budiriro yakafanana, uye takagadzirira kushanda navo uye kubatsirana kubudirira.

Isu tinogara takazvipira kune zvitsva uye kufambira mberi.Mukumuka kweCOVID-19, takatangisa Silk Road yehutano.Kuti tiwane yakaderera-kabhoni shanduko, tiri kurima yakasvibira Silk Road.Kuti tishandise maitiro edhijitari, isu tiri kuvaka yedhijitari Silk Road.Kugadzirisa mikaha yebudiriro, tiri kushanda kuvaka BRI kuti ive nzira yekupedza urombo.Kudyidzana kweBelt and Road kwakatanga muchikamu chehupfumi, asi hazvipereri ipapo.Iri kuita chikuva chitsva chekutonga kwepasirese kuri nani.

Mumazuva mashoma, Bato reCommunist reChina (CPC) richacherekedza makore zana raro.Pasi pehutungamiriri hweCPC, vanhu vekuChina vachapedza kuvaka nzanga yakabudirira zvine mwero mumativi ese, uye nechikonzero ichocho, votanga rwendo rutsva rwekuvaka zvizere nyika yemazuva ano yesocialist.Panguva itsva yenhoroondo yekutanga, China ichashanda nemamwe mapato kuenderera mberi nekubatana kwedu kwemhando yepamusoro yeBelt and Road uye kuvaka hukama hwepedyo hwekubatana kweheath, kubatana, kusimukira kwegirinhi, uye kubuda pachena uye kubatanidzwa.Kuedza uku kuchaunza mikana yakawanda uye migove kune vese.

Chekutanga, tinofanirwa kuenderera mberi nekudzika kudyidzana nedzimwe nyika pamishonga yekudzivirira.Tichaparura pamwe chete chirongwa cheBelt and Road Partnership paCOVID-19 Vaccines Cooperation kusimudzira kugovaniswa kwejekiseni kune dzimwe nyika uye kuvaka nhovo yepasi rose kurwisa hutachiona.China ichashanda nesimba kuita matanho akakosha akaziviswa neMutungamiri Xi Jinping pamusangano weGlobal Health Summit.China ichapa mamwe majekiseni ekudzivirira uye zvimwe zvekurapa zvinodikanwa nekukurumidza kune vanobatana neBRI nedzimwe nyika nepainogona napo, kutsigira makambani ayo ekudzivirira mukuendesa matekinoroji kune dzimwe nyika dzichiri kusimukira nekuita kugadzirwa pamwe chete navo, uye kutsigira kubviswa kwekodzero dzepfuma. paCOVID-19 vaccine, zvese mukuyedza kubatsira nyika dzese kukunda COVID-19.

Chechipiri, tinofanira kuramba tichisimbisa kubatana pakubatana.Tichaenderera mberi nekubatanidza zvirongwa zvekuvandudza zvivakwa, uye kushanda pamwe chete mukugadzira zvifambiso, mikoto yehupfumi, nenzvimbo dzekudyidzana kwehupfumi nekutengeserana nemaindasitiri.Tichaenderera mberi nekubatanidza iyo China-Europe Railway Express kusimudzira chiteshi chengarava nekubatana kwekutakura pamwe neMaritime Silk Road uye kuvaka Silk Road muMhepo.Isu tinogashira maitiro eshanduko yedhijitari uye kusimudzira maindasitiri edhijitari nekumhanyisa kuvakwa kwedhijitari Silk Road, uye kuita yakangwara yekubatanidza kuve chokwadi chitsva mune ramangwana.

Chechitatu, isu tinofanirwa kuramba tichikurudzira kubatana pakukura kwegirinhi.Isu tichaisa pamwe chete chirongwa cheBelt uye Road Partnership paGreen Development kuti tiise simba idzva mukuvaka iyo green Silk Road.Isu takagadzirira kukwidza kushandira pamwe munzvimbo dzakaita segirinhi zvivakwa, simba regirinhi uye mari yegirinhi, uye kuvandudza mamwe mapurojekiti anoshamwaridzana nenharaunda ane mwero wepamusoro uye wemhando yepamusoro.Isu tinotsigira mapato kuBelt uye Road Energy Partnership mukusimudzira kushandira pamwe pagirinhi simba.Tinokurudzira mabhizinesi anobatanidzwa mukubatana kweBelt uye Road kuti azadzise mabasa avo emagariro uye kuvandudza mashandiro avo ezvakatipoteredza, zvemagariro uye hutongi (ESG).

Chechina, tinofanira kuramba tichisimudzira kutengeserana kwakasununguka mudunhu redu nepasi rose.China ichashandira yekutanga kupinda-mu-simba reRegional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) uye nekukurumidza kubatanidza hupfumi hwedunhu.China ichashanda nemativi ese kuchengetedza maindasitiri epasi rose uye cheni dzekugovera dzakavhurika, dzakachengeteka uye dzakagadzikana.Tichazarura musuwo wedu zvakatowedzera kune nyika.Uye isu takagadzirira kugovera migove yemusika weChina nevese kuti tive nechokwadi chekuti kutenderera kwemumba nekune dzimwe nyika kuchasimbisana.Izvi zvichagonesa hukama hwepedyo uye nzvimbo yakakura yekudyidzana kwehupfumi pakati pevashandi veBRI.

Iyo Asia-Pacific ndiyo inokurumidza kukurumidza dunhu ine hukuru hwekugona uye kudyidzana kune simba zvakanyanya pasirese.Ndimo musha wezvikamu makumi matanhatu kubva muzana zvehuwandu hwepasi rose uye zvikamu makumi manomwe kubva muzana zveGDP yayo.Yakapa chikamu chezvikamu zviviri muzvitatu zvekukura kwepasirese, uye iri kuita basa rakakosha mukurwira pasi rose kurwisa COVID-19 uye kudzoreredza hupfumi.Nharaunda yeAsia-Pacific inofanirwa kunge iri pacesetter yebudiriro nekubatana, kwete chessboard yegeopolitics.Kugadzikana nekubudirira kwedunhu rino kunofanirwa kukosheswa nenyika dzese dzedunhu.

Nyika dzeAsia nePacific ndivo mapiyona, vanopa uye mienzaniso yekubatana kwepasi rose kweBelt uye Road.Senhengo yedunhu reAsia-Pacific, China yakagadzirira kushanda nenyika dzeAsia-Pacific mumweya wekudyidzana kusimudzira zvemhando yepamusoro Belt uye Road budiriro, kupa Asia-Pacific mhinduro kuhondo yepasi rose yeCOVID-19, jekiseni. Asia-Pacific simba mukubatana kwepasirese, uye kuendesa Asia-Pacific chivimbo mukudzoreredza kudzoreredza kwehupfumi hwenyika, kuitira kuti iite mipiro yakakura mukuvaka nharaunda ine ramangwana rakagovaniswa mudunhu reAsia-Pacific pamwe nenharaunda ine remangwana rakagoverwa kuvanhu.
Ndatenda.


Nguva yekutumira: Jul-19-2021