Keynote Speech by HE State Councillor and Minister Foreign Minister Wang Yi at Asia and Pacific High-level Conference on Belt and Road Cooperation
23 Juni 2021

Anzathu, Anzathu, Mu 2013, Purezidenti Xi Jinping adapereka lingaliro la Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).Kuyambira nthawi imeneyo, ndi kutenga nawo mbali ndi mgwirizano wa maphwando onse, ntchito yofunikayi yasonyeza nyonga zamphamvu ndi nyonga, ndipo yakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino ndi kupita patsogolo.

Kwa zaka zisanu ndi zitatu zapitazi, BRI yasintha kuchokera ku lingaliro kukhala zochita zenizeni, ndipo inalandira yankho lachikondi ndi chithandizo kuchokera ku mayiko a mayiko.Mpaka pano, mayiko 140 omwe amagwirizana nawo adasaina zikalata za mgwirizano wa Belt ndi Road ndi China.BRI yakhaladi nsanja yokhazikika komanso yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi yamgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi.

Pazaka zisanu ndi zitatu zapitazi, BRI yasintha kuchoka ku masomphenya kukhala yeniyeni, ndipo yabweretsa mwayi waukulu ndi ubwino ku mayiko padziko lonse lapansi.Malonda pakati pa China ndi mabungwe a BRI adutsa madola 9.2 thililiyoni aku US.Ndalama zachindunji zamakampani aku China m'maiko omwe ali m'mphepete mwa Belt and Road zaposa madola 130 biliyoni aku US.Lipoti la Banki Yadziko Lonse likusonyeza kuti BRI ikagwiritsidwa ntchito mokwanira, ikhoza kuonjezera malonda a padziko lonse ndi 6.2 peresenti ndi ndalama zenizeni zapadziko lonse ndi 2.9 peresenti, ndi kulimbikitsa kwambiri kukula kwa dziko.

Makamaka chaka chatha, ngakhale kufalikira kwadzidzidzi kwa COVID-19, mgwirizano wa Belt ndi Road sunayime.Inalimba mtima ndi mphepo yamkuntho ndipo inapitirizabe kupita patsogolo, kusonyeza kulimba mtima ndi nyonga modabwitsa.

Pamodzi, takhazikitsa pulogalamu yapadziko lonse lapansi yolumikizirana ndi COVID-19.China ndi othandizana nawo a BRI achita misonkhano yopitilira 100 kuti agawane zomwe zachitika pa kupewa ndi kuwongolera COVID.Pofika pakati pa mwezi wa June, China yapereka masks opitilira 290 biliyoni, masuti odzitchinjiriza 3.5 biliyoni ndi zida zoyesera mabiliyoni 4.5 padziko lonse lapansi, ndikuthandizira maiko ambiri kupanga ma labu oyesa.China ikuchita mgwirizano wa katemera ndi mayiko ambiri, ndipo yapereka ndikutumiza milingo yopitilira 400 miliyoni ya katemera womalizidwa komanso wochuluka kumayiko opitilira 90, ambiri mwa omwe ndi othandizana nawo a BRI.

Tonse tapereka chokhazikitsira chuma chapadziko lonse lapansi.Takhala ndi misonkhano yambiri yapadziko lonse ya BRI kuti tigawane zomwe takumana nazo pa chitukuko, kugwirizanitsa mfundo zachitukuko, ndi kupititsa patsogolo mgwirizano wothandiza.Tasunga ntchito zambiri za BRI kupita.Kugwirizana kwamagetsi pansi pa China-Pakistan Economic Corridor kumapereka gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a magetsi aku Pakistan.Ntchito ya Katana Water Supply Project ku Sri Lanka yapereka madzi abwino akumwa m’midzi 45 kumeneko.Ziwerengero zikuwonetsa kuti chaka chatha, malonda a katundu pakati pa China ndi mabungwe a BRI adalembetsa ndalama zokwana madola 1.35 thililiyoni aku US, zomwe zidathandizira kwambiri pakuyankha kwa COVID, kukhazikika kwachuma komanso moyo wa anthu m'maiko oyenera.

Pamodzi, tamanga milatho yatsopano yolumikizirana padziko lonse lapansi.China yachita mgwirizano wamalonda wa Silk Road ndi mayiko 22 othandizana nawo.Izi zathandiza kupititsa patsogolo malonda a mayiko panthawi yonse ya mliri.Mu 2020, China-Europe Railway Express, yomwe imadutsa kudera la Eurasian, idagunda ziwerengero zatsopano pamagalimoto onyamula katundu komanso kuchuluka kwa katundu.M'gawo loyamba la chaka chino, Express idatumiza 75 peresenti ya masitima ochulukirapo ndikutumiza 84 peresenti ya TEU ya katundu kuposa nthawi yomweyi chaka chatha.Odziwika kuti ndi "ngamila zachitsulo", Express yachitadi zomwe dzina lake lidachita ndipo yachita gawo lofunikira popatsa mayiko thandizo lomwe amafunikira polimbana ndi COVID.

Anzathu, Mgwirizano womwe ukukula mwachangu komanso wobala zipatso wa Belt ndi Road ndi zotsatira za mgwirizano ndi mgwirizano pakati pa mabwenzi a BRI.Chofunika kwambiri, monga momwe Purezidenti Xi Jinping adafotokozera m'mawu ake olembedwa ku Msonkhano uno, mgwirizano wa Belt ndi Road ukutsogoleredwa ndi mfundo ya zokambirana zambiri, zopereka pamodzi ndi mapindu omwe amagawana nawo.Amagwiritsa ntchito lingaliro la chitukuko chotseguka, chobiriwira komanso choyera.Ndipo cholinga chake ndi kukula kwapamwamba, kokhazikika kwa anthu komanso kokhazikika.

Nthawi zonse timadzipereka kuti tikambirane mofanana.Onse ogwirizana nawo, mosasamala kanthu za kukula kwachuma, ndi mamembala ofanana a banja la BRI.Palibe mapulogalamu athu ogwirizana omwe amalumikizidwa ndi ndale.Sitikakamiza anthu kuchita chifuniro chathu kuchokera pamalo amene amati ndi amphamvu.Komanso sitikhala chiwopsezo ku dziko lililonse.

Timadzipereka nthawi zonse kuti tipindule pamodzi ndikupambana-kupambana.BRI inachokera ku China, koma imapanga mwayi ndi zotsatira zabwino kwa mayiko onse, ndipo imapindulitsa dziko lonse lapansi.Talimbitsa ndondomeko, zomangamanga, malonda, ndalama ndi mgwirizano pakati pa anthu ndi anthu kuti tikwaniritse mgwirizano wa zachuma, kukwaniritsa chitukuko chogwirizana, ndi kupereka phindu kwa onse.Izi zabweretsa pafupi maloto aku China komanso maloto a mayiko padziko lonse lapansi.

Nthawi zonse timakhala omasuka komanso ogwirizana.BRI ndi msewu wapagulu wotseguka kwa onse, ndipo ilibe kumbuyo kapena makoma okwera.Ndilotseguka ku machitidwe ndi zitukuko zamitundu yonse, ndipo silimakondera.Ndife otseguka kuzinthu zonse zapadziko lapansi zomwe zimathandizira kulumikizana kwapafupi ndi chitukuko chofanana, ndipo ndife okonzeka kugwira nawo ntchito ndikuthandizirana bwino.

Nthawi zonse timadzipereka pazatsopano komanso kupita patsogolo.Pambuyo pa COVID-19, takhazikitsa Silk Road of Health.Kuti tikwaniritse kusintha kwa mpweya wochepa, tikulima Silk Road yobiriwira.Kuti tigwiritse ntchito njira zama digito, tikumanga njira ya digito ya Silk.Pofuna kuthetsa mipata yachitukuko, tikugwira ntchito yomanga BRI kukhala njira yothetsera umphawi.Mgwirizano wa Belt ndi Road unayamba mu gawo lazachuma, koma sizimathera pamenepo.Ikukhala nsanja yatsopano yoyendetsera bwino dziko lonse lapansi.

M'masiku ochepa, chipani cha Communist Party of China (CPC) chidzakwanitsa zaka 100.Pansi pa utsogoleri wa CPC, anthu aku China posachedwa adzamaliza kumanga anthu otukuka pang'ono m'mbali zonse, ndipo pamaziko amenewo, ayamba ulendo watsopano womanga dziko lamakono la sosholisti.Pachiyambi chatsopano cha mbiriyakale, dziko la China lidzagwira ntchito ndi maphwando ena onse kuti apitirize mgwirizano wathu wapamwamba wa Belt ndi Road ndikupanga mgwirizano wapamtima wa mgwirizano wa heath, kugwirizanitsa, chitukuko chobiriwira, ndi kumasuka ndi kuphatikizidwa.Zoyesayesa izi zipereka mwayi wambiri komanso zopindulitsa kwa onse.

Choyamba, tiyenera kupitiriza kuzama mgwirizano wa mayiko pa katemera.Tikhazikitsa mogwirizana Initiative for Belt and Road Partnership on COVID-19 Vaccines Cooperation kuti tilimbikitse kugawa kwa katemera padziko lonse lapansi ndikumanga chitetezo padziko lonse lapansi polimbana ndi kachilomboka.China idzakwaniritsa zofunikira zomwe Purezidenti Xi Jinping adalengeza pa Global Health Summit.China ipereka katemera wochulukira ndi zida zina zachipatala zomwe zikufunika mwachangu kwa othandizana nawo a BRI ndi mayiko ena momwe angathere, kuthandizira makampani opanga katemera kusamutsa matekinoloje kupita kumayiko ena omwe akutukuka kumene ndikuchita nawo limodzi ntchito zopangana nawo, ndikuthandizira kuchotsera ufulu wachidziwitso. pa katemera wa COVID-19, zonse pofuna kuthandiza mayiko onse kuthana ndi COVID-19.

Chachiwiri, tiyenera kupitiriza kulimbikitsa mgwirizano pa kugwirizana.Tidzapitiriza kugwirizanitsa ndondomeko zachitukuko, ndikugwira ntchito limodzi pazochitika za mayendedwe, makonde a zachuma, ndi madera a zachuma ndi malonda ndi mafakitale.Tidzagwiritsanso ntchito China-Europe Railway Express kuti ilimbikitse mgwirizano wamadoko ndi kutumiza panyanja mumsewu wa Maritime Silk ndikumanga Msewu wa Silk mu Air.Tidzavomereza kusintha kwa digito ndi chitukuko cha mafakitale a digito popititsa patsogolo ntchito yomanga Silk Road ya digito, ndikupanga kulumikizana kwanzeru kukhala zenizeni zatsopano mtsogolomo.

Chachitatu, tiyenera kupitiriza kulimbikitsa mgwirizano pa chitukuko chobiriwira.Pamodzi tidzakhazikitsa Initiative for Belt and Road Partnership on Green Development kuti tilowetse chikoka chatsopano pakupanga Silk Road wobiriwira.Ndife okonzeka kulimbikitsa mgwirizano m'madera monga zomangamanga zobiriwira, mphamvu zobiriwira ndi ndalama zobiriwira, ndikupanga mapulojekiti ogwirizana ndi chilengedwe omwe ali ndi chikhalidwe chapamwamba komanso chapamwamba.Timathandizira maphwando ku Belt and Road Energy Partnership polimbikitsa mgwirizano pamagetsi obiriwira.Timalimbikitsa mabizinesi omwe akukhudzidwa ndi mgwirizano wa Belt ndi Road kuti akwaniritse udindo wawo wapagulu komanso kukonza magwiridwe antchito awo achilengedwe, chikhalidwe ndi utsogoleri (ESG).

Chachinayi, tikuyenera kupitiliza kupititsa patsogolo malonda aulere m'chigawo chathu komanso padziko lonse lapansi.China idzagwira ntchito yoyambitsa kuyambika kwa Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) komanso kuphatikizika kwachuma kwachigawo mwachangu.China idzagwira ntchito ndi mbali zonse kuti mafakitale apadziko lonse lapansi asungidwe komanso ogulitsa zinthu azikhala otseguka, otetezeka komanso okhazikika.Tidzatsegula chitseko chathu kudziko lonse lapansi.Ndipo ndife okonzeka kugawana zopindula zamsika zaku China ndi onse kuti tiwonetsetse kuti kufalikira kwapakhomo ndi kumayiko akunja kulimbikitsana.Izi zidzathandizanso kuti pakhale mgwirizano wapamtima komanso mwayi waukulu wogwirizana pazachuma pakati pa mabwenzi a BRI.

Dera la Asia-Pacific ndiye dera lomwe likukula mwachangu lomwe lili ndi mgwirizano waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.Ndi kwawo kwa 60 peresenti ya anthu padziko lapansi komanso 70 peresenti ya GDP yake.Yathandizira kupitilira magawo awiri mwa atatu akukula kwapadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo ikuchita gawo lofunikira kwambiri pankhondo yapadziko lonse lapansi yolimbana ndi COVID-19 komanso kubwezeretsa chuma.Dera la Asia-Pacific liyenera kukhala gawo lachitukuko ndi mgwirizano, osati chessboard ya geopolitics.Kukhazikika ndi kutukuka kwa dera lino kuyenera kuyamikiridwa ndi mayiko onse achigawo.

Mayiko aku Asia ndi Pacific ndi omwe adayambitsa, opereka chithandizo ndi zitsanzo za mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wa Belt ndi Road.Monga membala wa dera la Asia-Pacific, China ndi wokonzeka kugwira ntchito ndi mayiko Asia-Pacific mu mzimu wa mgwirizano kulimbikitsa apamwamba Belt ndi Road chitukuko, kupereka Asia-Pacific mayankho pa nkhondo yapadziko lonse COVID-19, jekeseni. Mphamvu za Asia-Pacific pakulumikizana kwapadziko lonse lapansi, ndikutumiza chidaliro cha Asia-Pacific pakubwezeretsa chuma chapadziko lonse lapansi, kuti athandizire kwambiri pomanga gulu lomwe lili ndi tsogolo logawana mdera la Asia-Pacific komanso gulu lomwe lili ndi tsogolo logawana la anthu.
Zikomo.


Nthawi yotumiza: Jul-19-2021